The International Baccalaureate (IB) Primary Years Programme is a curriculum framework designed for students aged 3 to 12 that focuses on the transdisciplinary framework of the development of the whole child as an inquirer, both at school and beyond.
An aim of the PYP is to create a transdisciplinary curriculum that is engaging, relevant, challenging and significant for learners in the 3–12 age range. In developing a curriculum of international education for primary school students, the PYP definition of curriculum is broad and inclusive. In the PYP, students learn how to think for themselves and take responsibility for their own learning through an inquiry-led approach.
The International Baccalaureate® (IB) Primary Years Programme (PYP) is underpinned by six transdisciplinary themes around which learning is planned.
These themes are selected for their relevance to the real world. They are described as transdisciplinary as they focus on issues that go across subject areas.
They also promote an awareness of the human condition and an understanding that there is a commonality of human experience. The students explore this common ground collaboratively, from the multiple perspectives of their individual experiences and backgrounds and as they share their experiences it increases the students’ awareness of, and sensitivity to, the experiences of others beyond the local or national community. This is central to the programme and a critical element in developing an international perspective, which must begin with each student’s ability to consider and reflect upon the point of view of someone else in the same class.
By developing the attributes of the IB learner profile, students also learn how to demonstrate respect for themselves and others, developing international-mindedness by working with others for a shared purpose and taking positive action for change